Everything you need to know about cystitis
What is cystitis?
Cystitis is a urinary infection that affects the bladder and that in 85% of cases is caused by Escherichia Coli bacteria, although it can also be due to other germs such as fungi or viruses.
Two very common causes related to urine infection are having sexual intercourse (favours contagion) and taking antibiotics to treat any other condition, since the antibiotics unbalance the microflora, allowing pathogenic bacteria to colonise in the urinary tract.
To confirm your diagnosis, it is important to go to the doctor for a urinalysis.
What symptoms does cystitis cause?
- Pain or stinging when urinating.
- Increased desire to urinate but with little urine volume in each urination.
- Continuous feeling of wanting to urinate.
- Changes in the smell, texture and odour of the urine.
- Sometimes blood may appear in the urine.
One important fact is that the urine infection does not cause fever, but if there is an increase in temperature, this would mean that there is some other organ affected by the infection.
The treatment depends on the type of microorganism that has caused the infection and is based on antibiotics, antivirals or antifungals.
Good habits for preventing urine infection:
- Urinate regularly, avoiding voluntary retention.
- Eliminate risk factors such as smoking and drinking alcohol.
- Avoid exposure to excessive cold as this aggravates the evolution of inflammation.
- If you practice water activities, avoid staying in a wet swimsuit for a long time.
- Maintain good intimate hygiene.
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